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Professor Yuri. I. Bandazhevsky, the fomer Rector of Gomel State Medical Institute
(Source:  https://chernobyl-health.org/share/Once-Again-about-Victims-of-the-Chernobyl-Disaster-BANDAZHEVSKYI-Yu-I.pdf#page=21
Translated by Mari Takenouchi/翻訳:竹野内真理

 Thirty-three years have passed since the accident at Reactor 4 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, yet the seriousness of this event for all humanity is still of concern. During the whole post-accident period, the nuclear lobby made many efforts to weaken public interest in this event. First of all, emphasis was made on the point that the tragedy had resulted in a small number of victims that included only workers of the nuclear power plant and firefighters involved in remedial actions to mitigate the consequences of the accident at the plant (31 people) and those who were permanently living in the most contaminated areas. It was concluded that the total number of Chernobyl victims who would die of cancer and leukemia throughout their life would be less than 4000 people [1]. Some attention was also paid to migrants from regions with very high soil cesium-137 contamination levels.
チェルノブイリ原子力発電所4号炉での事故から33年が経過したが、依然としてこの深刻な事故によるすべての人類への影響が懸念される。 原発事故以降原子力ロビーはこの事故への公衆の関心を薄めさせるために多くの努力をた。まず原発事故影響の低減のために救済措置を講じた原子力発電所労働者と消防士における少数の犠牲者(31人)と、最も汚染度の高い地域の住民のみへの悪い結末に重点を置いた。そうして生涯を通じ白血病で死亡するチェルノブイリの犠牲者総数は、4000人未満であると結論付けられたのである[1]。また土壌中におけるCs-137の汚染レベルが非常に高い地域からの移住者にも幾分かの注意が払われた。

Representatives of official medicine had little interest in population living in areas with Cs-137 contamination levels of less than 5 Ci/km2. Increased morbidity and mortality among the population from the affected areas were not taken into account. After all, small doses of radiation from radionuclides incorporated into the body do not cause specific diseases. It is only possible to point at thyroid cancer whose incidence has risen dramatically after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. Deaths of thousands of people in the areas contaminated with radionuclides were considered to be caused by natural causes.
Cs-137汚染レベルが5 Ci / km2未満の地域に住む人々に対しては、公的医療関係者の関心はほとんど払われなかった 影響を受けた地域の住民の罹患率と死亡率の増加は考慮されていない 結論として、体内に取り込まれた放射性核種からの少量の放射線は特定の病気を引き起こさないとされ、チェルノブイリ原子力発電所事故後に発生率が劇的に上昇した甲状腺がんを指摘することのみが可能となっている。放射性核種で汚染された地域で数千人が死亡したのは、自然原因によるものとされた。

Scientific findings showing that the entry of even relatively small amounts of Cs-137 into the body caused serious damage to vital organs (Bandazhevsky Yu.I. et al. 1995-2019) were also ignored.
体内に比較的少量のCs-137が入っただけで重要な臓器に深刻な損傷が生じたことを示す科学的研究結果(Bandazhevsky Yu.I. et al.1995-2019)も無視された。

First of all, one should mention cardiovascular diseases whose proportion in the general morbidity and mortality has been very high. It is possible to link heart and blood vessels damage to radiation exposure if radionuclides have been determined in organs of dead people – inhabitants of the affected areas. This was done at Gomel State Medical Institute, which I had the honor to be in charge of from the first days of its existence (November 1, 1990) until July 13, 1999 the day of my arrest. As a result of many years of work, radionuclide levels had been determined in vital organs of dead children and adults - inhabitants of the affected areas [2]; and we had found a relationship between damage to the cellular structures of myocardium of children and adults and Cs-137 [3]. At the same time, much attention was given to results of clinical laboratory studies of children living in raions with different radiocaesium soil contamination levels. Experimental studies on laboratory animals had showed metabolic disorders in the heart and vital organs under conditions of the natural entry of radionuclides into the body [4].

As a result of studies, cardiomyopathy induced by Cs-137 had been identified [5].
Special attention should be paid to congenital disorders being the best marker for endogenous and exogenous distress in the mother- fetus system. Clinical observations of dead human embryos and newborns and experimental studies on laboratory animals had clearly showed the negative impact of incorporated radionuclides on prenatal ontogeny [3, 6].
先天性疾患が母系の内因性および外因性損傷の最良のマーカーであることに特に注意を払う必要があ 死亡したヒト胚および新生児の臨床観察と実験動物研究により、取り込まれた放射性核種の出生前の個体における発生過程への悪影響が明らかに示された[36]

Dystrophic and necrobiotic changes in vital organs of dead embryos and newborns in the presence of Cs-137 incorporation illustrate the negative impact of the ecosystem established after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986. That was what the nuclear lobby was afraid of. Viewing the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident as the largest among all accidents in the nuclear power industry, the nuclear lobby representatives each time focus on minor, in their opinion, humanitarian consequences relating to the health of people directly contacting radionuclides in the affected territory. And in this regard, dead human embryos with congenital malformations which I and my colleagues found in raions of Gomel oblast, the most affected oblast due to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident [3], were the best evidence base for the adverse effects of the existing radiation situation. My suspension from the position of Rector of Gomel Medical Institute led to the termination of many unique research studies dedicated to the effect of incorporated radionuclides on people living in a territory affected by the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, including the prenatal development. Our results show that Cs-137 incorporated naturally into the mother-embryo system contributes to multifactorial congenital malformations, i.e. malformations based on genetic defects [7].

The Institute for Congenital and Hereditary Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus, directed by Prof. G. I. Lazjuk, Associate Member of the National Academy of Sciences, also assessed the effect of a radiation factor occurred as a result of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident on the prenatal development of human embryos. Gennady Ilyich established this unique Institute back in Soviet times, and over the years, along with his highly qualified students and colleagues he studied the morphological manifestations (congenital defects) of human genetic disorders, also in the context of consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. The Institute was closed down in the beginning of the 21st century, as the nuclear lobby was afraid of results of its activities.
国立科学アカデミーのメンバーGI Lazjukが指揮するベラルーシ共和国保健省先天性遺伝性疾患研究所も、チェルノブイリ原子力発電の結果として発生した人間の胚の出生前の発達に関する放射線因子の影響を評価した。この他に類を見ない研究所は、Gennady Ilyichにより旧ソビエト時代に設立され、長年にわたって、Gennady Ilyichは形態学を学んだ優秀な学生や同僚の研究者らとともに、チェルノブイリ原子力発電所事故の影響においても、人間の形態学的発現(先天性欠陥)を研究したのである 21世紀初頭、原子力ロビーはこの研究活動の結果を恐れ、先天性遺伝性疾患研究所は閉鎖された。

Studies conducted at Gomel State Medical Institute allow to conclude that victims of the Chernobyl disaster are people living in areas contaminated with radionuclides and eating local foods, including “forest gifts”. The victims of this disaster should also include people who regularly consume foods containing radioactive elements of Chernobyl origin. Taking into account the fact that in the Republic of Belarus foods produced in Chernobyl-affected areas and containing huge amounts of radionuclides are sent to radiation-free areas since Soviet times, the population of these areas, especially children, should be considered as victims of the Chernobyl disaster.
ゴメリ州立医学研究所で実施された研究により、放射性核種で汚染された地域に住み、「森の贈り物」(キノコやベリー類)を含む地元食物を摂食する人々は、チェルノブイリ事故の犠牲者であると結論けることができ。この災害の犠牲者には、チェルノブイリ起源の放射性元素を含む食を定期的に消費する人々も含まれるべきである。ベラルーシ共和国では、チェルノブイリの影響を受けた地域で生産され、大量の放射性核種を含む食品、ソビエト時代から放射線の影響を受けていない地域に送られているという事実を考慮すれば、これら地域の人々、特に子供たちは、 チェルノブイリ原発事故災害の犠牲者と見なすべきである

Almost every inhabitant of the Republic of Belarus has experienced radiation exposure directly. So it is no surprise that there has been an increase in cardiovascular diseases and cancers due to this, including among children of the second post-Chernobyl generation.

That is why the country’s leadership should have asked for serious humanitarian aid and support of the world community in the 1990s and not refused it, as it was done. A method of assessment of radiation doses received by the population and individuals formed the basis for governmental decisions to render assistance to the population with a view to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. A concept based on results of effects of external radiation exposure on humans was used. The influence of incorporated radionuclides on separate organs and systems was hardly considered. However, millions of people have suffered and are suffering currently because radioactive elements have been entering and are entering their body causing damage to vital organs and systems. These people are not recognized as victims of the Chernobyl disaster at the state level.
ベラルーシ共和国の指導部は、1990年代に深刻な人道支援と世界社会の支援を求めるべきであり、拒否するべきではなかった 住民が受けた放射線量の評価法は、チェルノブイリ原子力発電所事故を考慮し、住民を支援すべき政府による決定の基礎となりえるものであったしかしその代わりに、人に対する外部被曝影響の結果に基づく概念が使用され、体内に取り込まれた放射性核種が別々の臓器やシステムに及ぼす影響はほとんど考慮されかった。 現在、放射性元素が体内に蓄積し取り込まれることで、重要な臓器やシステムに損傷が生じ、何百万人もの人々が苦しんでいるにも関わらず、である。これらの人々は、国家レベルでチェルノブイリの犠牲者とは認められてこなかったのである。

This is the main problem of Chernobyl and its negative impact on human health in the long term.

It is proved by results of research studies conducted within humanitarian projects of the European Commission and the Rhone- Alpes Regional Council (France) in Ukraine in 2013-2017. A  medical examination of the majority of the child population was conducted using modern instrumental and laboratory diagnostic methods in Ivankovsky and Polessky raions of Kiev oblast directly adjacent to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. The obligatory measurement of radionuclide concentrations was also carried out. These children belong to the second post-Chernobyl generation born and permanently living in the territories contaminated with radioactive elements.
この事実は、2013年から2017年にかけ欧州委員会とウクライナのローヌアルプス地域評議会(フランス)の人道プロジェクトの中で実施された調査研究結果によって証明されてい チェルノブイリ立入禁止区域に直接隣接するキエフ州のイワンコフ地区とポレスコエ地区、近代的な機器と実験室診断法を使用し、多数の子供たちの健康診断、および放射性核種濃度の義務化された測定実施された。これらの子供たちは、放射性元素で汚染された地域で生まれ永住しているチェルノブイリ事故後の第二世代に属してい

The use of medical and genetic methods of examination allowed to identify serious abnormalities in their body being the cause of metabolic disorders under conditions of existing environmental distress (radionuclides in the ecosystem) (Bandazhevsky Yu.I., Dubovaya N.F., 2015-2019). At the same time, a number of discoveries were made with respect to metabolic associations, and the metabolism of the pituitary and thyroid hormones, calcium and phosphorus, and vitamins. At present, children and adults from these raions are being exposed to radiation due to the consumption of locally produced foods and forest gifts. It should be emphasised that radioactive elements, primarily Sr-90, are contained in large quantities in forest trees, which over time have turned into powerful sources of radiation. It still represents a threat to human health to contact with them many years after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
医学的および遺伝学的な検査方法の使用により、既存の環境的劣化(生態系に入り込んだ放射性核種)の条件のもと、代謝異常の原因である身体の深刻な異常を特定することができたBandazhevsky Yu.I.Dubovaya N.F.2015-2019 同時に、代謝関連、および下垂体および甲状腺ホルモン、カルシウムとリン、ビタミンの代謝に関し多くの発見がなされた。 現在これらの地区の子供と成人は、地元で生産された食物と森林の贈り物の消費のため放射線にさらされてい 放射性元素、主にSr-90森林樹木に大量に含まれており、時間の経過とともに影響力の高まった放射線源となっていることを強調する必要がある。Sr-90はチェルノブイリ原子力発電所事故後、年月を経ても、人と接触することにより、依然として人間の健康に対する脅威を表している

It was possible to show an increase in the level of homocysteine (a marker of the metabolic distress in the body) in the blood of children after fires in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone [8].

Radioactive elements spread far beyond the affected areas, therefore people that do not officially belong to the group of the affected people but basically are those people may be exposed to radiation.

In recent years this issue is particularly topical because of forest fires in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.


Radiation exposure also occurs during the use of wood containing radionuclides for domestic needs (cooking, heating).


Under the same conditions of existing radiation exposure, metabolic changes in children of the second post-Chernobyl generation are more pronounced compared to their parents who belong to the first post-Chernobyl generation [9]. These children are even more sensitive to the effects of small amounts of radionuclides and they can be classified as victims of the Chernobyl disaster.
既存の放射線被曝の同条件下で、チェルノブイリ事故後の第二世代の子供たちの代謝変化は、チェルノブイリ事故後の第一世代に属する両親と比較してより顕著である[9] 第二世代の子供たちは、少量の放射性核種の影響にさらに敏感であり、チェルノブイリ事故の犠牲者に含まれる

Thus, the existence of radiation in the environment as a result of the Chernobyl disaster and its constant effect on humans suggests that there will be victims of this disaster depending on the effect nature, duration and intensity and the endogenous component (age, sex, genome, physiological characteristics).

At the same time, the distance from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is not decisive. The group of victims of the Chernobyl disaster should include persons with congenital malformations at the organ, tissue and cellular levels, as well as abnormal regulation of metabolism caused by radiation effect on the processes of prenatal development of an embryo.
同時に、チェルノブイリ原子力発電所からの距離は決定的なものではない チェルノブイリ原発事故犠牲者のグループには、臓器、組織、細胞レベルでの先天性奇形、ならびに胎児の出生前の発達過程への放射線の影響によって引き起こされる異常代謝調節機能抱える集団を含める必要があ

In order to provide effective assistance to the population suffering from the consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, it is necessary to take into account the actual effects of incorporated radionuclides on human’s vital organs and systems during all stages of antenatal and postnatal development.


1.  WHO (World Health Organization) 2006. Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes. Geneva.160p. Available: https://www.who.int/ionizing_radiation/chernobyl/who_chernobyl_re port_2006.pdf
2.     Bandajevski Y. (2003) Chronic Cs-137 incorporation in children's organs // Swiss Medical Weekly. 2003. Vol. 133. P. 488- 490.
3.       Бандажевский Ю.И. Патология инкорпорированного радиоактивного излучения. Минск : БГТУ, 1999. 136 с.
4.  Bandazhevsky Yu.I., Lelevich V.V., Strelko  V.V., Shilo V.V. et al. Clinical and experimental aspects of the effect of incorporated radionuclides upon the organism / Ed. by Yu.I. Bandazhevsky, V.V. Lelevich. Gomel, 1995. 128 p.
5.    Bandajevski Yu., Bandajevskaya G. Cardiomyopathies on cesium-137 // Cardinale. 2003. Vol. 15. № 8. P. 40-42.
6.  Бандажевский Ю.И., Дубовая Н.Ф., Бандажевская Г.С. и др. Чернобыль 25 лет: инкорпорированные радионуклиды Cs-137 и здоровье людей / Под ред. проф. Ю. И. Бандажевского. К. : Координационный аналитический центр «Экология и здоровье».
2011. 156 c.
7.        Бандажевский Ю.И., Дубовая Н.Ф. Последствия Чернобыльской катастрофы: репродукция человека в условиях радиационного воздействия. К. : Координационный аналитический центр «Экология и здоровье», 2011. 116 с.
8.    Bandazhevsky Yu.I., Dubovaya N.F. The state of folate metabolism and its link with thyroid system in children after forest fires in the Chornobyl exclusion zone // Environment&Health. 2019.
№ 2 (91). P. 10-16.
9.  Bandazheuski Yu.I., Dubova N.F. Genetic polymorphisms and the level blood homocysteine in children and their mothers from the areas affected by the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident // Pediatrics. Eastern Europe. 2017. Vol. 5. № 2. P. 130-139.

Translation from Russian to English: Dubovaya O.S.
Translation from English to Japanese: Mari Takenouchi

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